Five Prāna Vayus:- Pran Saman Vyan Udan Apan Vayu-Mudras

The five Prāna Vayus are: PRĀNA, APĀNA, UDĀNA, SAMĀNA and VYĀNA.

निम्न पाँचों वायु हस्त मुद्राओं को निम्न मुद्रा क्रम में: प्राण, समान, व्यान, उदान व अंत में अपान मुद्रा कमसे 5-6 मिनट दिन में 3 दफा अभ्यास करने से स्वस्थ रहना सम्भव है:-

Hastamudra Yoga can bring about a balance in corresponding to the modern day mind-body diseases. When the mind is agitated constantly, the vital life-force in the body is affected by imbalances in the breath and causes dysfunction in the five channels of life-force. The five channels of prana are: 

(1) Prana – centered and spreaded at around heart, controls the functioning of the heart and lungs and all the activities in the chest region like breathing, swallowing, and circulation of blood; 

प्राण :👉 श्‍वास के लिए आवश्यक ऊर्जा

(2) Apana – centred and spreader at around Anus, controls the function of the excretory and reproductive organs and hence is responsible for all downward activities like urination, defecation, and menstruation;
उदान :👉 उच्छवास तथा बोलने के लिए आवश्यक ऊर्जा
समान :👉 जठर एवं आंतों के कार्य के लिए आवश्यक ऊर्जा
व्यान :👉 शरीर की ऐच्छिक तथा अनैच्छिक गतिविधियों के लिए आवश्यक ऊर्जा
अपान :👉 मल-मूत्र विसर्जन, वीर्यपतन, प्रसव आदि के लिए आवश्यक ऊर्जा

(3) Samana – centerd and spreader at around Naval, activates and controls proper digestion and is responsible for balancing Prana and Apana;

Definition – What does Udana Mudra mean? Udana mudra is a yogic hand gesture that is believed to promote the flow of energy in the throat region. The name comes from the Sanskrit, udana, meaning “joy” or “breathing upward”; and mudra, which means “gesture” or “seal.” There are several similar hand positions that form udana mudra: The thumb and forefinger lightly touch, then the middle finger rests on the nail of the forefinger with the ring and little fingers extended. The thumb rests at the base of the little finger, then all four fingers wrap around the thumb. The little finger extends while the other three fingers touch the tip of the thumb. All four fingers touch the tip of the thumb. Yogapedia explains Udana Mudra Udana mudra affects the energy of the throat region and promotes spiritual growth and self-expression.

(4) Udana – centered and spreaded at about the throat area, is responsible for all upward activities such as belching and vomiting; and

(5) Vyana – centered and spreaded at about the whole body area, is responsible for all activities on the periphery like nerve impulses and cellular activity in all cells and gives extra boost to other four channels when required. This distributes oxygen and blood to all the body organs!

Vyana mudra – affects the heart and lungs.

Due to the imbalance in the vital life-force caused by the mental conflicts, the autonomic nervous system is disturbed and it might result in heightened bowel contractility. Of the five life-forces, the most important for the healthy functioning of the body is “Samana,” a life-force that is responsible for digestion and balancing two other major life-forces, “Apana” and “Prana.” When “Samana” is disturbed, the food ingested cannot be digested properly. This leads to overdigestion, nondigestion or wrong digestion and thus improperly digested food when settles in the body leads to diseases. 

Samana mudra – influences the energy in the navel and abdominal regions

If “Samana” becomes dominant, it leads to gastroesophageal problems, including epigastric pain, hyperacidity and gastric reflux and heightened sympathetic activity (disturbed ANS) results in IBS. Disturbed “Samana” causes an imbalance in “Apana,” and excess Apana along with parasympathetic dominance manifests as IBS. In other words, heightened parasympathetic activity and heightened sympathetic activity both results in IBS. Increased peristaltic waves lead to diarrhea and excess saccular contractions due to sympathetic activity leads to constipation. Remarkably, this ancient concept of Adhi/Vyadhi appears very similar to the modern scientific pathway of stress-induced brain-gut axis dysfunction.

“ The Prana /Chi / Ki” resides in the heart. The Apana vayu resides in the anus / excretory organs. The Samana is in the navel region. The Udana resides in the centre of throat. The Vyana vayu pervades the whole human body. 

Prāna residing in the Heart is responsible for inhalation and related with the Anahat Chakra, Air Element, Green Colour and ॐ यं नमः beeja mantra.

Samāna residing in the Navel is responsible for digestion and related with the Manipur Chakra, Yellow Fire Flamed Color, Fire Element and ॐ रं नमः Beeja Mantra.

Vyāna which pervades the whole human body is responsible for circulation and nervous system and is related with the Swadhisthan Chakra, Water Element, Orange Colour and ॐ वं नमः Beeja Mantra.

Udāna residing in the Throat is responsible for ingestion of food (मुख द्वारा भोजन का अंतर्ग्रहण) , is related with the Vishudha Chakra mainly & Agya Chakra too, Sky Blue Colour, Akash Element and ॐ हं नमः Beeja Mantra;

Apāna residing in the Anus / Excretory Organs is responsible for exhalation, is related with the Mooladhar Chakra, Red Colour, Earth Element and ॐ लं नमः Beeja Mantra.
There are two basic functions within the body – reception of energy (Prāna) and elimination of waste (Apāna). The energies of Prāna and Apāna meet at the Manipūra Chakra. They represent the two basic functions of giving and taking, expansion and contraction, assimilation and elimination. Both forces should be able to function freely; disturbances or blockages lead to illness and, in extreme cases, even to death.
Prāna is the “receiving power” that enables and controls the supply of energy to the body. Its seat is in the upper body. Through this Prāna we receive oxygen, which is essential for life, and the life force that exists within the air we breathe.

Prana is the universal life-force that manifests as breath in the human body. It has five categories to it: prana, apana, samana, udana and vyana. According to the Gheranda Samhita (V. 61-62): ‘The prana always moves in the heart, the apana in the sphere of the anus; the samana in the region of the navel; the udana in the throat; and the vyana pervades the whole body.’ Each is associated with a hand gesture that can regulate and energize its specific functioning. 

Prana mudra      

Prana mudra stands for vigour, self assertion and survival. It is performed by joining the tips of ring and little fingers with the tip of thumb while keeping the index and middle fingers straight. It impacts breathing, body temperature, heart-rate, sensory functions, thought, behavior and consciousness.

Saman Hasta Mudra 

Samana mudra is symbolic of balance, harmony, and understanding. It is performed by joining the tips of all fingers with the tip of thumb. As samana vayu pervades the alimentary tract, this mudra helps in the processes of ingestion, digestion, absorption and assimilation of nutrients by stoking jatharagni,  gastric fire, and releasing natural acids and enzymes. It stabilizes tridosha, three fundamental body-substances —vata, pitta and kapha — in the body, and improves the functioning of  liver, gallbladder, pancreas, and small intestine.     

Vyaan Hasta mudra 


Vyana mudra is symbolic of circulation, transmission, and activity.

It helps in controlling nervous system and several other bodily movements, A few popular health benefits of Vaayan mudra include:

  • Reduces fatness
  • Control loose motions
  • Improve nervous system
  • Overcome laziness, lethargy, drowsiness, excessive sweating, thirst and excessive sleep
  • Solves frequent urination issues
  • Controls excessive menstrual bleeding
  • Treats greasy skin and hair issues

This is performed by joining index and middle fingers with the tip of thumb while ring and little fingers remain straight. It ensures the proper circulation of blood and tones up the heart, lungs, skin, bones, veins, muscles and nerves. 

Udana mudra

UDAN उदान हस्त मुद्रा

Udana mudra symbolises creativity, imagination and communication. It regulates energy that ascends from the navel to the heart, throat and the head. It is performed by joining the tip of index, middle and ring fingers with the tip of thumb while keeping little finger straight. Alternately, index fingers are made to touch the tip of thumb and the while middle fingers are kept on the nail of the index fingers and ring and little fingers are kept straight. It supports the central and the peripheral nervous systems. It improves metabolism, speech and concentration, and is useful in the awakening of kundalini, coiled-up energy.

उदान मुद्रातर्जनी अंगुली, मध्यम अंगुली और अनामिका के अग्र भाग को अंगूठे के अग्र भाग से मिला कर छोटी अंगुली को सीधा रखने से उदान मुद्रा बनती है। उदान वायु का सम्बंध आकाश तत्व और विशुद्धि चक्र से है। उदान वायु गले से लेकर खोपड़ी तक घूमती है।
उदान मुद्रा से बुद्धि का विकास होता है और समझदारी बढ़ती है। उदान मुद्रा से मन और मस्तिष्क दोनों पर असर पड़ता है। व थायरॉड़ सम्बन्धी रोगों में फायदा होता है।

Apaan Hasta mudra

Apana mudra symbolises patience, movement and flow. It regulates the downward-moving energy and eliminates toxins and waste products from the body and is able to change the body acidic state to alkaline & brings body pH value to normal including purification of blood.

It is performed by bringing index finger to the base of thumb, joining ring and middle fingers with the tip of thumb, and keeping little finger straight. Alternately, middle fingers are made to touch the tip of thumb and the while index fingers are kept on the nail of the middle fingers and ring and little fingers are kept straight. Due to its therapeutic effect on the heart and the colon, it is called Mrita-sanjivani mudra, the hand-gesture that gives life to the dead. 

Apāna is the “eliminating power” that brings about detoxification through excretion, secretion and exhalation. Its seat is in the lower abdomen. If Apāna Vāyu cannot flow freely then it results in toxicity within the body. Illnesses or diseases that affect the lower abdomen, intestines, kidneys, urinary tract, legs, etc., result from a disturbance of Apāna Vāyu.
Prāna and Apāna not only have a physical but also a very important spiritual function. Through certain advanced Yoga techniques (Kriyās) the energy currents of Prāna and Apāna can be united in the Manipūra Chakra and guided into the Sushumnā Nādī (Central Nervous System). When this occurs the Kundalinī energy rises to the Sahasrāra Chakra and the meditator experiences the state of Samādhi, supreme consciousness.
But this Prānic energy is also influenced by our own mental radiation, by our individual qualities, feelings and thoughts. For as long as the Prānic energy remains polluted and encumbered by karmic “waste” it is not possible for the energy to rise and unite with the divine.

To bring the energy systems of the body into harmonious balance, Hasta-mudras should be practiced daily while sitting with closed eyes, using both hands, for at least 16+ minutes. One can perform a single mudra at one time, or build one’s own sequence of mudras for practice, as per need. 

मुख्य प्राण:

1. प्राण – इसका स्थान नासिका से हृदय (heart) तक है। नेत्र, श्रोत्र, मुख आदि अवयव इसी के सहयोग से कार्य करते है। यह सभी प्राणों का राजा है। जैसे राजा अपने अधिकारियों को विभिन्न स्थानों पर विभिन्न कार्यों के लिए नियुक्त करता है, वैसे ही यह भी अन्य प्राणों को विभिन्न स्थानों पर विभिन्न कार्यों के लिए नियुक्त करता है।
2. अपान – इसका स्थान नाभि से पाँव तक है। यह गुदा इंद्रिय द्वारा मल व वायु तथा मूत्रेन्द्रिय द्वारा मूत्र व वीर्य को तथा योनि द्वारा रज व गर्भ को शरीर से बाहर निकालने का कार्य करता है।
3. समान – इसका स्थान हृदय से नाभि तक है। यह खाए हुए अन्न को पचाने तथा पचे हुए अन्न से रस, रक्त आदि धातुओं को बनाने का कार्य करता है।
4. उदान – यह कण्ठ से शिर (मस्तिष्क) तक के अवयवों में रहता है। शब्दों का उच्चारण, वमन आदि के अतिरिक्त यह अच्छे कर्म करने वाली जीवात्मा को उत्तम योनि में व बुरे कर्म करने वाली जीवात्मा को बुरे लोक में तथा जिस मनुष्य के पाप-पुण्य बराबर हो, उसे मनुष्य लोक (मनुष्य योनि) में ले जाता है।
5. व्यान – यह सम्पूर्ण शरीर में रहता है। हृदय से मुख्य 101 नाड़ियाँ निकलती हैं, प्रत्येक नाड़ी की 100-100 शाखाएँ है तथा प्रत्येक शाखा की भी 72000 उपशाखाएँ है। इस प्रकार कुल 727210201 नाड़ी शाखा-उपशाखाओं में यह रहता है। समस्त शरीर में रक्त संचार, प्राण-संचार का कार्य यही करता है तथा अन्य प्राणों को उनके कार्यों में सहयोग भी देता है।